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Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration is a chronic eye disease, causing visual loss in your central vision. It is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over the age of 60. Macular Degeneration occurs when the macula, the central part of the retina, deteriorates as the person ages. Macular Degeneration typically is not a totally blinding condition, but can certainly become a visual disability. There are two forms of AMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration), the Dry Form and the Wet Form. In the dry form, yellow deposits called “drusen” appear in the macula, leading to a decrease and/or distortion in vision as they increase in size and quantity. In Wet AMD, there is growth of abnormal blood vessels from the choroid (vascular layer of the eye, between the retina and sclera), which leak fluid into the retina, causing visual distortion and blind spots. Only 10% of people with macular degeneration develop the wet form. It is extremely important for those with AMD to monitor their eyesight and see their ophthalmologist regularly.